- 21.1 Compare the emphasis on drawing and clearly structured compositions in the work of Roman and Florentine painters with their Venetian counterparts’ exploration of the expressive potential of color and dynamic figural arrangements.
- 21.2 Examine the architectural creativity lavished on the design of both grand churches and pleasurable retreats to embody themes of wealth and power in sixteenth-century Italy.
- 21.3 Trace the shift in the artistic center of Italy from Florence to Rome, and recognize the efforts of Pope Julius II to create a new “golden age.”
- 21.4 Explore the international subversion of Classical style and decorum in the work of Mannerist artists.
IMAGES (be able to identify these images by title, general time period, medium, and culture of origin)
21-1 Raphael's "School of Athens" (see also p. 642)
21-5 da Vinci's "Mona Lisa"
21-6 da Vinci's "Vitruvian Man"
21-9 Michelangelo's "Pieta"
21-10 Michelangelo's "David"
21-11 Interior, Sistine Chapel
21-19 Bramante, Il Tempieto
21-23 de'Rossi's "Joseph and the Potiphar's Wife"
21-28 Titian's "Venus of Urbino"
21-33 Bronzino's "Allegory with Venus and Cupid"
21-38 Michelangelo's "Last Judgment"
21-39 St. Peter's Basilica, Vatican
21-40 Il Gesu, Rome, plan and facade
You should be familiar enough with other images presented in the text and lectures, so as to be able to support explanations of attribution and physical, formal, iconographical, and contextual analysis.