Roman copy of the bronze original by Polykleitos
ca. 450 - 440 BCE
6’ 11” high
READ/TAKE NOTES: The Canon of Polykleitos
READ/TAKE NOTES: Roman Copies of Ancient Greek Art
WATCH THE VIDEO BELOW/TAKE NOTES:
- Why was bronze used for the original sculpture (of which this example is a copy)? What is problematic about this material and why is it lucky that the Romans were so enamored of Greek art?
- What is a "canon"? How is the canon of Polykleitos different from the canon used in ancient Egypt?
- Polykleitos is also known as a foremost "aesthetician." His ideas about beauty aligned with the philosophy that beauty = _____________________.
- a) the harmony of mathematical proportions
- b) the heroic figures of Greek mythology
- c) the moral character of an individual
- d) the muscular bodies of Olympic athletes